Stock market traders data

In financemarket data is price and trade -related data for a financial instrument reported by a trading venue such as a stock exchange. Market data allows traders and investors to know the latest price and see historical trends for instruments such as equitiesfixed-income products, derivatives and currencies.

The market data for a particular instrument would include the identifier of the instrument and where it was traded such as the ticker symbol and exchange code plus the latest bid and ask price and the time of the last trade.

It may also include other information such as volume traded, bid and offer sizes and static data about the financial instrument that may have come from a variety of sources. There are a number of financial data vendors that specialise in collecting, cleaning, collating and distributing market data and this has become the most common way that traders and investors get access to market data.

Delivery of price data from exchanges to users, such as traders, is highly time-sensitive and specialized technologies designed to handle collection and throughput of massive data streams are used to distribute the information to traders and investors. The speed that market data is distributed can stock market traders data critical when trading systems are based on analysing the data before others are able to, such as in high-frequency trading.

Market price data is not only used in real time to make on-the-spot decisions about buying or selling, but historical market data can stock market traders data be used to project pricing trends and to calculate market risk on portfolios of investments that may be held by an individual or an institutional investor. The above example is an aggregation of different sources of data, as quote data bid, ask, bid size, ask size and trade data last sale, last size, volume are stock market traders data generated over different data feeds.

Delivery of price data from exchanges to users is highly time-sensitive. Specialized software and hardware systems called ticker plants are designed to handle collection and throughput of massive data streams, displaying prices for traders and feeding computerized trading systems fast enough to capture opportunities before markets change.

When stored, historical market data is stock market traders data called time-series data. While market data generally refers to realtime or delayed price stock market traders data, the term increasingly includes static or reference data—i. Reference data includes identifier codes such as ISIN codes, the exchange a security trades on, end-of-day pricing, name and address of the issuing company, the terms of the security such as dividends or interest rate and maturity on a bondand the outstanding corporate actions such as pending stock splits or proxy votes related to the security.

While price data generally originates from the exchanges, reference data generally originates from the issuer. However, before it arrives in the hands of investors or traders, it usually passes through the hands stock market traders data financial data vendors that may reformat it, organize it and attempt stock market traders data clear obvious anomalies on a realtime basis.

For consumers of market data, which are primarily the financial institutions and industry utilities serving the capital markets, the complexity of managing market data rose with the increase in the number of issued securities, number of exchanges and the globalization of capital markets.

Stock market traders data the rising volume of data, the continuing evolution of complex derivatives and indices, along with new regulations designed to contain risk and protect markets and investors, all created more operational demands on market data management. Initially individual financial data vendors provided data for software applications in financial institutions that were specifically designed for one data feed, thus giving that financial data vendor a lock on that area of operations.

However a number of the larger investment banks and asset management firms started to design systems that would integrate market data into one central store. This drove investments in large-scale enterprise data management systems which collect, normalize and integrate feeds from multiple financial data vendorswith the goal of building one "golden copy" of data supporting every kind of operation throughout the institution. Beyond the operational efficiency gained, this stock market traders data consistency became increasingly necessary to enable compliance with regulatory requirements, such as Sarbanes OxleyRegulation NMS and the Stock market traders data 2 accord.

The business of providing technology solutions to financial institutions for data management has grown over the past decade, as market data management has emerged from a stock market traders data discipline for specialists to a high-priority issue for the entire capital markets industry and its regulators.

Providers range from middleware and messaging vendors, vendors of cleansing and reconciliation software and services, and vendors of highly scalable solutions for managing the massive loads of incoming and stored reference data that must be maintained for daily trading, accounting, settlement, risk management and reporting to investors and regulators. The market data distribution platforms are designed to transport over the network large amounts of data from financial markets.

Most market data servers run on Solaris or Linux as main targets, however some have versions for Windows. A typical usage can be a "feed handler" solution. Applications Sources receive data from specific feed and connect to a server Authority which accepts connections from clients Destinations and redistributes data further. Each time a server Authority receives updates for an instrument, it sends them to all clients Destinationssubscribed for it. A client Destination can stock market traders data itself for an individual instrument close the instrument and no further updates will be sent.

When the connection between Authority and Destination breaks off, all requests made from the client will be dropped. A server Authority can handle large client-connections, though usually a relatively small amount of clients are connect to the same server at the same time.

A client Destination usually has a small amount of open instruments, though larger numbers are also supported. Therefore, it needs stock market traders data be managed professionally.

Professional stock market traders data data management deals with issues such as:. Financial data vendors typically also offer mobile applications that provide market data in real time to stock market traders data institutions and consumers.

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